A part of our lives and the various aspects that surround everything in this world is well documented in history. The history of education provides information on the most notable moments where major changes took place thus making a significant contribution to the learning process. One thing is evident through history; the purpose of education is to equip an individual with knowledge for future survival. Here are some of those moments:
- The very beginning of education
Cultural practices across the world used to and still support education even without their knowledge. For example, a medicine man would pass this knowledge to their children through informal education. The medicine man would give instructions to the child regarding various plants and medicinal elements.
Similarly, young girls would obtain education from their mothers and female relatives. Informal sessions and even competitions were held giving the young girls opportunities to prepare for the future.
Civilized education began in the early 15th century in Greece, Asia, and Egypt where there were printing and the interest in learning complex things. Considering that necessity is always the mother of invention, human beings would invent crude weapons and machines that were used in science and especially medicine.
- The contributions of theorists, philosophers, and educationists
A notable philosopher called Aristotle is a great contributor to the current education. Philosophers were among the first people to have expansive education on various aspects. As a result, they developed reading materials on medicine, politics, social life and cultural aspects.
Later, other theorists such as Jean Piaget built their knowledge on what was already available. They focused on education and the significant steps that would make a positive difference in the lives of people.
For a long time now, the history of education finds its foundations on the tenets of philosophers and theorists in various subjects.
- The formalization of education
Formal education is as a result of the creation of educational institutions and schools where proper learning takes place. With the development of these formal organizations, education became a serious venture. It has since been guided using policies and objectives that are global.
- Technology as a source of information
Ever since the age of industrialization, man is in a better position to invent and create. Computers and printing are some of the best inventions that made significant contributions to this field. Technology allowed education to grow because it was possible to publish text books, journals, and other reading materials. The computer made it easy for people to research the fields of education. Additionally, scholars were in a better position to perform complex calculations.
- Research and innovation
Research and innovation are part of the history of education because they give schools and the process of learning techniques of achieving various developmental goals. With these in mind, education has a purpose in society; to solve the issues facing the community through innovation of more effective ways of meeting various objectives.
Without these notable moments in the history of education, it may have been impossible to have a structured system in place.